Artichoke – medicinal properties and use in medicine
The artichoke is a herbaceous plant with large inflorescences, which belongs to the family Asteraceae. Has a gray-green, branched, erect stem to 2 m tall. Its flowers are purple-blue to blue colors represent large baskets (diameter about 25 cm). The fruit are achenes. The flowering of artichoke usually falls on June-July.
Artichoke – species and habitat
Nowadays there are about 140 species of plants but not cultivated for more than forty of them. In the wild artichoke is native to North Africa and southern Europe. In the Mediterranean region it is grown more than two millennia. At the moment, actively cultivated in Europe and South America.
Artichoke – healing properties
With recent years of artichoke obtained new drugs. Experimentally we found out that it has hypocholesterolemic, choleretic, and diuretic action. The artichoke preparations used in the treatment of hepatitis, endarteritis, jaundice, cholelithiasis, and atherosclerosis. Rather successfully the use of these drugs for the treatment of eczema, multiple forms of psoriasis, allergies (serum sickness, urticaria on others), syphilis and azotemia. Articulative positive effect in the postoperative period for patients undergoing surgical intervention on the kidney and liver.
Traditional medicine considers the artichoke as a choleretic, Antirheumatic and diuretic, to treat scurvy, jaundice, rheumatism, swelling, cardiovascular diseases, as a diaphoretic drug, and to increase appetite.
Artichoke – dosage forms
Used for medicinal purposes the whole plant, but most often unblown fleshy receptacle and the base of the scales of the unopened buds. After cutting they are kept in the cold. The roots of the artichoke is harvested in the autumn; the leaves – during flowering.
Artichoke – recipes
Tincture of artichoke: 500 gr. dried leaves pour a liter of alcohol or vodka (40%) and infuse in a cool dark place for 15 days. Consume a tablespoon to ½ Cup. liquid 3 times a day.
Aqueous alcoholic extract of artichoke it is desirable to use pills, because otherwise you will feel a strong bitterness. Usually take 5 grams. 30 minutes before the meal.
Gelatin capsules with dry extract of artichoke take in a quantity of 2 to 3 times a day.
To cook artichoke need an infusion of 2 table. it tablespoons dried leaves pour one liter of boiling water and let stand 10 minutes. Take a glass a day 30 minutes before meals.
In the postoperative period, in atherosclerosis, urinary and cholagogue you can use artichoke extract: 100-200 a basket of artichoke chop in a blender (on a grater), add 8 gr. white willow bark, 15 gr. dry peppermint, 5 oz. of fennel seeds, 6 grams. gentian and 20 gr. the fruit sugar. It’s all mix and pour a bottle of alcohol or vodka (40%). Infuse at t 18°C during the week. After this period the extract of artichoke be drained from the sediment and store in a dark container. To drink on 1 table. lodges. 3 times a day after 2 hours after meals. In low secretion of the stomach, low motility and poor appetite shown the use of the drug an hour before meals. Treatment is carried out 2 courses for two weeks and an interval of 7 days.
Artichoke – contraindications
Contraindicated the use of artichoke to children under the age of 12 years, as well as women, lactating and pregnant women. The same restriction applies to people suffering from liver failure and biliary obstruction.