Stevia: description, properties and use of plants
Stevia honey — the representative of the family Asteraceae. A perennial herb in the form of a Bush with high stems (60 to 120 cm). Flowers white, collected in inflorescence, seeds are small.
In the wild it grows in Central and South America. Because the benefits of stevia are recognized by official medicine, it is cultivated in Asia, Europe (including Ukraine). Medicinal properties have leaves of stevia. They are rich in flavonoids, vitamins C, A, E, R, glycosides (stevioside, etc.), polysaccharides, micronutrients. Contain fiber, essential oils and tannins.
Procurement of raw materials
Suitable for harvesting both the leaves and the grass (stems with leaves) stevia. The raw materials procurement begin during the phase of budding and flowering: it was then in the leaves the concentration of stevioside maximum.
The plant is cut at a height of 5-10 cm above the ground. After that display on paper or hung, tied in small bundles. You can separate the leaves from the stems. With one Bush will get about 5 lbs. light Dry in a ventilated room or in the sun. In hot weather the thin layer of plant dries out in less than 10 hours. The less time taken for drying, the better raw materials. This is because every day the number of stevioside decreases.After drying, the leaves are picked. Store raw materials in a dry place for 2 years.
First of all, stevia is a safe sugar substitute. Its sweet taste is due to the presence of stevioside. If you use the plant in large quantity, there is a bitter taste. Stevia is 10-15 times sweeter than sugar but have no calories, and it should have no negative consequences. Therefore, stevia instead of sugar recommended for obesity, diabetes and other metabolic disorders.
In different countries produce different foods and beverages, in which stevia extract replaces sugar. These foods allowed in the diet of diabetics and those who control weight. The leaves of stevia for weight loss you can also brew and drink as tea.
The use of stevia leaves is not only low calorie. Stevia for weight loss effective because cleanses the body of toxins.
Because stevia has a tonic and firming effect, it is recommended as a Supplement to diet of athletes, as well as during heavy mental and physical loads.
Ways how to use stevia. a lot. Stevia as a sugar replacement can be used in the form of extract, infusion, syrup. You can also buy sweetener from stevia industrial production.
The use of plants is considered in several aspects:
Stevia and pancreas (restores its function).
Stevia and stomach (protects mucous membrane, prevents fermentation processes).
Stevia and thyroid gland (improves).
Stevia and Allergy (including diathesis in children)
Description of the plant stevia and its properties can be found in folk medicine. Its use is widespread in Japan. Stevia in folk medicine it is recommended not only as a natural sweetener, but also to reduce blood pressure and enhance immunity.
Stevia in cosmetology is used to solve skin problems, for example, to get rid of age spots.
Stevia is harmless, virtually no contraindications. The reception is not recommended for pregnant women, and in patients with gastroenteritis. With care it is used for hypotension.