Ancient phytotherapist – Melilotus officinalis
In the Crimea are growing four types of clover: white, Neapolitan, drug and Crimea. Learn these plants are on long axillary bright yellow, yellowish or white inflorescences racemose, papilionaceous rims, globular or oval fruit pointed, toothed trifoliate leaves and stiff, erect stems. In fruits of sweet clover, one or two seed, a very long time remain viable up to 70 years.
Botanists call the Melilotus. “Meli” means honey, a lotus — flower, and all together read as “honey flower”. The clover is really excellent bee plant. Per hectare, sometimes up to half a ton of nectar, and because donnici called “honey clover”.
The quality of the honey in first-class. In it, 37 % glucose and 40 % fructose, color and clarity as the light amber and unique subtle aroma. The value of sweet clover as honey plants is increasing due to the fact that in the fall they bloom again, giving another fragrant honey harvest.
Read more about the smell. Neither in Crimea nor in other parts of the world other plants so lush, so to speak, and kind of flavor. It with any other not be confused, and therefore in times of Zaporizhian Sich (and even before) the don Cossacks recognized each other by smell of clover,which they poured in a pouch of tobacco. Now add in donnici the most expensive varieties of pipe tobacco, and besides the flowers of clover — coveted raw materials in food, perfumery and liquor industries. Therefore the clover in our country introduced to the culture, and long before, in the XVIII century the clover cultivated in several countries of Europe, Asia and America. In France, for example, white clover is grown for over 200 years.
The use of clover as a green healer known since ancient times, and the name of this plant and owes its healing properties. In the old Slavonic language the word “bottom” meant the organs in the lower abdomen. In the Russian Chronicles of the sickness of the organs and gout was called “the bottom”, and the clover — “donnow grass”, that is medicinal herb and a folk medicine used one species — Melilotus officinalis. It is characterized expectorant and carminative properties. Scientific medicine clover is used only for cooking green (Melilotus) extract patch.
On our local seeds of sweet clover in great demand from abroad because their leaves and flowers are not only medicinal raw material, but the spice and essential additive in the process of making green cheese (Switzerland), beer, liqueurs (Germany, Poland). Was once involved in cooking the clover and our ancestors. They ham of wild boar soaked in brine with onions, wormwood, beech leaf and clover. In France, the clover — plant-dye.
Old names of melilot — burkun, Lipka, molar grass, Bukovina, wargun, Barco, kladnik, cemernik, burgonet, Donets, borkon, hare chill, female clover, sedas, pristovnik. White sweet clover was known as Gunib, Kamenica, kropia and white burkun.
In conclusion, I must say that donnici — excellent, rich in proteins and vitamins of the forage grass. They can be used and for silage, and hay, and as pasture plants.