How to collect, dry and store herbs?
On the benefit of herbs known to many. However, the rules of collection, drying and storage known only to the elite. We will try together to understand all the intricacies of this process.
Independently harvested herbs, fruits, bark can easily turn into useless hay, which is no good. To avoid this, and healing potions prepared with medicinal herbs gathered with his own hands, brought maximum benefits to the body, it is important to observe the basic rules of collection, drying and storage.
The kidneys need to collect at a time when they are just about ready to bloom. Leaves when the plant produced buds or blooms. Harvesting leaf crops that do not shed leaves in the winter, and can be produced when fruits ripen.
Gather herbs in dry weather
“Hunting” for the fruits and seeds of medicinal plants is worth to be in the middle of summer and in autumn, when they vyspali. The exceptions are fruits and seeds that fall off quickly: they need to harvest earlier.
So medicinal plants are not harmed, it is necessary to observe not only the timing of their collection, but also a number of other rules:
• not courtesane that grow near the roads, in the contaminated territories;
• do not uproot the entire plant, harvested just the part that is needed;
• do not collect medicinal plants in the rain when it is foggy, dew.
Underground plant parts (tubers, roots, bulbs) dug out of the ground when the plant is dormant: early spring or late summer-autumn.
Flowers and inflorescences harvested better already bloomed.
The optimal time of harvesting of bark – spring.
The collected plants need to sort out (to clear the land, remove stray plants) and put in the basket, but not compacted. Otherwise, the plants will start to rot. For the same reason, do not delay and dryer.
Rhizomes, roots and fruits can be dried in the sun. Underground the roots of the plants you will need in advance to clear the land, rinse. For faster drying they should be cut into pieces.
Herbs should be dried under a canopy
But the grass, leaves, flowers afraid of direct sunlight, so they need to dry in shade: spreading a thin layer on the cloth or to hang in bunches under a canopy or in the attic.
Properly dried herbs cracking and breaking, do not bend, the fruits do not stick to each other, and the flowers do not break up and when crushed does not stick to your fingers.
Herbs can be dried and on the couch (the temperature of the oven should be no higher than 40-50°C). When drying indoors, the plants should be frequently turned.
To store the collected medicinal herbs can be in cartons, sacks of cloth, paper bags or boxes made of plywood in a dry place. The fridge for these purposes will not work.
Small glass jars are perfect for storing herbs
Sharp-smelling plants (oregano, lemon balm, etc.) is pour it into clean jars and close the lids.
Flowers, herbs, leaves can be stored 1-2 years, the underground parts of plants – 2-3.
Whatever the storage container of medicinal plants selected, be sure to sign it: indicate the name of the plant and the time of its collection.
The main rules for collecting, drying and storing medicinal herbs, fruits, flowers will further allow us to use them as effective tools for the treatment and prevention of many diseases: hypertension. diseases of the pancreas, varicose veins. ulcers, heel spurs and many others.